Red deer are herding animals and woodland creatures with a close association with open areas. They will sometimes spend their time almost exclusively in the open. They rut/mate in the autumn and usually produce single calves in the spring. In large numbers they can be very damaging to woodland habitats, farm crops, trees and gardens.
Diet: Many ornamental plants, fruits and vegetables.
Habitat: Woodland, open country.
1) Shoots, flower buds and foliage stripped off plants, with the damage often occurring overnight.
2) Damaged woody stems often have a ragged cut end where a deer has bitten part way through the stem and then tugged the shoot off.
1) Shooting: Although permissible to apply control by shooting, this generally not safe to so and in a legal manner concerning gardens.
2) Netting and fencing: The most effective and humane way of prevention. Netting needs to be robust and relatively tall to prevent squeezing through and high enough to prevent them from jumping over.
3) Animal deterrent sprays based on aluminum ammonium sulfate with frequent application in spring and summer.